Sometimes, the gums can suffer retraction, and part of the tooth’s root is exposed, which can cause symptoms and discomfort. For this, it is questioned whether the gums regenerate.
WHAT ARE RECEDING GUMS?
Gum retraction, also known as gum recession, refers to the movement of the gum margin to a more apical position, which means that it has moved closer to the root of the tooth. As a result, a portion of the root surface has become exposed to the oral environment.
When hypersensitivity is diagnosed, gingival recession is typically discovered because the patient reports experiencing pain or discomfort when drinking or eating certain substances, such as cold foods. This information is necessary in order to determine whether or not the gums should be regenerated. On the other hand, it is also possible to diagnose it through a comprehensive clinical examination using a periodontal probe, which is a tool that has markings on it that allow gum recession to be measured.
The next step, once the existence of gum retraction has been diagnosed, is to assess how to regenerate the gums and if this regeneration can be achieved naturally.
HOW DO REGENERATE GUMS NATURALLY?
Gums cannot naturally regenerate since a loss of gum tissue has very little ability to regenerate independently without doing anything.
You should opt for additional periodontal treatments to regenerate your gums: mucogingival surgery. In addition, it is essential to eliminate the main cause that has caused the gingival retraction, to prevent and avoid as much as possible that the intervention to be carried out to regenerate the gums can recur and return to their original state.
Solutions through mucogingival surgery with which gum regeneration can be obtained but not naturally are:
- connective tissue graft.
- The coronal repositioning flap.
CONNECTIVE TISSUE GRAFT (ITC)
The connective tissue graft is a piece of free gum epithelized; that is, it has the same epithelium as the gum next to the tooth.
This connective tissue graft is harvested from the region of the palate, most commonly from the area around the premolars. Following this, the area of the palate that needs to regenerate gums is sutured, and the graft is modified so that it fits the area. After the procedure, a protector is typically positioned in the area of the palate to assist the wound in this region in healing and making the process of healing more manageable.
CORONAL REPOSITIONING FLAP
The coronal replacement flap is a way to regenerate gums. It is an intervention in which it is possible to advance part of the gum of the affected tooth towards the coronal, that is, covering the area of gum recession so that, in this way, the gums can be regenerated.
It can regenerate gums from single or multiple teeth if the gum tissue is adequate.
To perform periodontal surgery, such as mucogingival surgery, it is of great importance to have excellent oral hygiene beforehand, as well as good control and maintenance if there is periodontal disease, in addition to eradicating harmful habits such as tobacco.
For this, the periodontics specialist will indicate and explain how to achieve oral health in perfect condition and thus be able to perform the microsurgery treatment of the gums.
Gum regeneration and gum disease operations to know if the gums regenerate require specialized training along with experience and skill on the part of the professional, and collaboration on the part of the patient is also required. At Virginia dental clinic, our specialists in periodontics, the gums specialty, will help you improve and regenerate the gums, improving your quality of life and your smile.