The construction of a house also involves the arrangement of bathroom spaces, made as practical as possible, along with finding a design adapted to personal values and trends in the field. It is recommended that, together with the first plans of the house, we take into account the location of these spaces in the general context of construction, because they impose a series of conditions related to the positioning of pipelines for water supply, drainage, sanitary objects. , storage spaces.
But what do we mean by the term “sanitary installation”? It is about all the pipes and tubes in our new house, the ones that will help us to have the dream comfort. The hot water and cold water circuits, but also the pipes that help us with heating or those for sewerage, all make up the various types of sanitary installations that will serve the needs of the users in the respective home. The sanitary installation of a house represents this whole set of pipes and tubes (cold water, hot water, sewerage, heating) and must be detailed in the architectural plan of the construction.
Of course, sanitary installations are modern solutions that must work perfectly, so it is imperative that they be designed together with a specialist. It will be able to respect the structure and design of the house and will take into account all the dimensions for the installation to work as expected.
The sanitary installation is designed from the initial phases because all the details about the water network that will supply the house must be known. This way we will know if we will connect to the network that serves the community or we will procure water from our own source with the help of a hydrophore. The type of network we opt for dictates the size of the elements that make up the sanitary installation. They must be suitable to withstand water pressure. Suitable valves are added to the pipes, which will be useful in case of damage.
What types of Plumbing there are:
As I said above, there are several types of sanitary installations – cold water installation (circuits through which cold water flows), hot water installation (circuits for hot water), sewerage installation (circuits through which wastewater is discharged). and the heating installation (the circuit of the pipes through which the water necessary for heating in the building circulates). For Services You can consult here
However, let’s not forget that besides the sanitary installations mentioned, the indoor ones, there is also an outdoor sanitary installation. If the first ones deal with the network that supports the entire water circuit inside the house, we must specify about the outdoor sanitary installation, besides the fact that it is made outside the house, it has an important role because it deals with rainwater collection. Both inside and outside we must take into account the maximum flow of water that will flow through the network.
How Sanitary installations Work:
In order to have the best quality sanitary installations, we must respect some important operating principles. Each type of installation, from those presented above, works according to such a principle. We will discuss the principle of pressure, the principle of communicating vessels or the principle of gravity, each of them being applied differently depending on the type of sanitary installation.
The principle of pressure:
Cold water plumbing works according to the principle of pressure. If, as I said at the beginning, the water source can be the local network, or its own, like a well drilled. Regardless of the source, the installation is based on the principle of pressure. The water is pushed from the network or will be pumped through the pipes by a hydrophore. The pressure is what ensures the penetration of water into the house. She is the one who helps us to distribute water to all consumers in the house – sinks, bathtubs, showers, toilets. We must not forget that, whatever the source of cold water supply of a house, we will always have to install a main tap located between the water source and the entrance to the house. This valve is mounted in the water meter housing or in the place where the hydrophore is located. To this are added other valves, mounted for each distribution column to ensure the closing or emptying of the columns in case of need.
The principle of communicating vessels:
Blaise Pascal’s principle of communicating vessels is successfully applied in the operation of the sanitary installation. What does this principle tell us briefly? Due to physics we know that the liquid in two or more communicating vessels will have the same level, horizontally, regardless of the shape or size of these vessels. Pascal studied hydrodynamics and experimented concluded that if two or more containers are connected by a pipe, as in the case of sanitary installations where sinks and toilets are connected are connected by pipes, through which a liquid, then the liquid poured into one of the containers will flow through the pipe and into the other containers, until the liquid level is the same.
The principle of gravity:
The sewerage system is the sanitary installation that works on the principle of gravity. This system must be made with great attention to detail because it takes over all the flow of water discharged from the house. For a perfect operation, it also needs air, in order not to form the vacuum effect. It is based on the principle of gravitational force and in cases where the installation cannot operate according to this principle due to the location of the ground, it will include pumping stations. In the case of the sewerage system, all the routes and slopes of the pipes must be made correctly. Not to mention their proper diameters. All these calculations are required from the design stage. This way we will be sure that we will not have problems such as clogging the sewer.
Sanitary installation plan:
For a perfect functioning of the sanitary installations we have to follow some important steps, which start right from its design. The architect who conceives the house project will know how to introduce in the house plan also the sanitary installation, otherwise all the construction authorizations and permits will not be able to be issued. Moreover, even if the installation is included in the project of the house, a detailed plan of it must be made separately, which must be followed exactly.